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Updates on Ongoing Mosul Massacre

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Updates on Ongoing Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Jul 27, 2016 12:53 am

Shiite militia warns against Peshmerga participation in Mosul offensive

The Shiite militia group Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq has warned of the consequences if the Peshmerga participate in the liberation of Mosul and said that the participation of Shiite militias will speed the victory.

“We warn against the approval of Peshmerga participation in the Mosul liberation,” said Jawad Al-Tibawi, military spokesperson of the Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq, according to Summaria News.

“And participation of the Hashd [Shiite militias] will help the operation by making the victory faster,” he added.

In another statement in June the group said it is their duty to participate in the liberation of Mosul. “It’s our religious, moral and patriotic duty to liberate Mosul, end the difficulties of the people, and help the people return to their homes in Tal Afar and other areas of Nineveh after the takeover of ISIS.”

The Asa’ib group was founded in 2006. It is an Iraqi Shiite group with a military arm. It is known for being backed and funded by Iran.

Despite Sunnis rejecting the participation of Shiite militia groups in the operation to liberate the Sunni-majority city of Mosul, the militias still insist they will participate. Leading Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr confirmed that in a recent announcement.

“This is a military order to Saraya al-Salam [the military wing of Sadr’s Mahdi army] to coordinate with [Iraqi] special and security forces to accept your service immediately and without delay,” Sadr’s written statement said on Friday.

Forces of the Saraya al-Salam will be deployed to Sharqat in northern Salahadin province, north of Baghdad, to participate in the Mosul offensive, according to Sadr’s announcement.

The Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) Peshmerga forces have already liberated many areas in Nineveh and they will take part in the main battle to liberate the center of Mosul.

“It has been more than a year since the Peshmerga are ready for that war, but the Iraqi forces were not prepared,” said the KRG Ministry of Peshmerga in a statement on Saturday.

The Peshmerga will stay in liberated areas as part of their mission to protect the land and people in those areas, despite their different ethnical and religious backgrounds.

The Iraqi Defense Ministry announced earlier that the KRG and the United States, in the memorandum signed between them earlier this month, agreed that Kurdish forces would withdraw from recaptured areas in order to bring stability to those regions.

Responding to that claim, the Peshmerga ministry said, “The withdrawal is just for Mosul.”

“The war against terrorism has always been our unwavering guiding principle and it is part of the Kurdistan Region’s independence policy,” the statement revealed.

http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/240720161
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Updates on Ongoing Mosul Massacre

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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Jul 27, 2016 12:55 am

KRG preparing for possible 1 million expected to flee Mosul

The Mosul offensive has already started. A first step is a refugee camp being built in Baashiqah Mount, 30km northeast of Mosul.

The United Nations estimates one million people will flee Mosul during the operation. Duhok Province has a 450km-long border with Mosul.

Five locations have been chosen for refugee camps: Jambur, Hatarah, Tal Mus, Zilkan and Hassan Sham. Most of the camps are in recently recaptured areas.

The Mayor of Zilkan area says that since the Mosul operation is imminent, the camps must be ready within one month.

Zilkan camp is just 30 km away from Mosul. The camp can accommodate about 10,000 refugees.

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/260720161
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Jul 28, 2016 10:39 pm

EU’s humanitarian aid rep discusses Mosul with Kurdish leaders

Kurdish leaders welcomed on Thursday Europe’s Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management; they discussed the upcoming battle to liberate Mosul, the expected mass displacement that will result, and the need to help both the displaced and the host communities.

Commissioner Christos Stylianides met separately with Kurdish President Masoud Barzani, Deputy Prime Minister Qubad Talabani and the Kurdistan cabinet, Governor of Nineveh Nofel Hamadi, and Kirkuk Governor Najmaldin Karim.

“Mr. Stylianides thanked President Barzani and the Kurdistan Region for the provision of protection and all other forms of assistance to the refugees from Syria and the IDPs from the rest of Iraq,” reads a statement issued from Barzani’s office. “That support, Mr. Stylianides stated is of enormous value to the international community.”

Barzani also raised during the meeting his concerns for the post-liberation management of Mosul “and how that process will certainly be of greater difficulty than the military operation.”

Stylianides, on Twitter, described his meetings with the Kurdish leaders as “very productive” and said that “creative solutions” were needed for the expected massive displacement of citizens of Mosul and Nineveh.

On Monday, during his visit to Iraq, Stylianides announced €104 million ($115 million) in funding of humanitarian assistance for Iraq.

"I have always said Iraq can become another Syria, another major humanitarian emergency of global scale,” Stylianides said. “So we have to act and the EU is doing just that by leading the international humanitarian efforts. We did this recently in Fallujah and we will continue our solidarity with the Iraqi people."

The €104 million is a part of the €194 million the EU announced at the pledging conference in Washington last week.

Approximately 1 million people are expected to flee Mosul when the operation to liberate the city takes place. Kurdish provinces are preparing to receive hundreds of thousands but are already struggling to provide basic necessities.

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/280720163
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Jul 29, 2016 10:28 am

Up to one million could flee fighting for Iraq's Mosul: ICRC

Up to 1 million people could be forced to flee their homes in Iraq soon as fighting intensifies in a government offensive to retake Mosul from Islamic State militants, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said on Friday.

U.S.-backed Iraqi government forces have stepped up their military campaign against Islamic State in an expected push on Mosul, Iraq's second largest city and the militants' biggest bastion, later this year.

Anthea: This is a Shia/Sunni fight the US should have NO PART in this. I believe that people should leave Mosul alone, at least until we know the truth about the coalition and Shia Militia slaughter of innocent civilians from Fullajah

"Up to a million more people could be forced to flee their homes in Iraq in the coming weeks and months, posing a massive humanitarian problem for the country," the Geneva-based ICRC said in an statement.

It said 10 million Iraqis already require assistance in the country, including more than 3 million internally displaced whose numbers could swell with fresh uprooting of civilians.

Robert Mardini, ICRC regional director for the Near and Middle East, said: "We must prepare for the worst... Hundreds of thousands of people may very well be on the move in the coming weeks and months, seeking shelter and assistance."

The ICRC said it was seeking a further 17.1 million Swiss francs for its program in Iraq, its third largest worldwide, bringing its budget for the country to 137 million Swiss francs ($140.28 million).

Around Mosul, the United Nations is preparing for what it says will be the largest relief operation so far this year, concerned that terrified people will stream out of the path of advancing Iraqi government forces and flee en masse. They would need shelter, food and water, and sanitation for three to 12 months, depending on the extent of the city's destruction.

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-midea ... SKCN1090TL
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Aug 11, 2016 8:46 pm

Erbil-Mosul bridge being repaired in prep for Mosul battle

Repairs have begun on Khazir Bridge, which spans the Great Zab River on the route linking Erbil with Mosul.

Islamic State militants blew up the bridge when they retreated from Erbil in order to prevent the Peshmerga from advancing across the river towards Mosul.

Peshmerga forces have been using a makeshift bridge. Bringing the main bridge back into service will make it easier for the Peshmerga to move their forces and arms into position for the operation to liberate Mosul.

Link to Video:

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/110820164
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sat Aug 13, 2016 10:26 pm

Barzani: Post-liberation Mosul will not accept the old order

Masoud Barzani, President of the Kurdistan Region, hosted a joint meeting on Saturday with Brett McGurk, US envoy for the global coalition to counter ISIS, and Falih al-Fayadh, Iraqi national security advisor.

They discussed the latest progress in preparation for the battle to retake Mosul and planning for post-liberation management of the city.

Barzani and al-Fayadh “expressed their satisfaction on the level of coordination between Baghdad and Erbil and the coalition in the collective effort to rid Iraq and the region of the terrorists of the Islamic State,” reads a statement from the presidency.

In the meeting, Barzani stressed that planning for post-liberation of Mosul should be equal to the preparation of the military operation. “President Barzani added that the post-liberation Mosul will not accept the old order and that drastic changes need to be made for the benefit of the people of Mosul who have suffered under the brutality of the Islamic State for well over two years.” according to the presidency’s statement.

After the meeting, US envoy Brett McGurk praised the success of the meeting on social media. “Highly productive coordination meeting on Mosul liberation with President of Kurdistan region Barzani and Iraq NSA Fayyad,” he tweeted.

Before coming to Erbil, McGurk traveled to Baghdad on Wednesday and held meetings with Iraqi officials to discuss the upcoming battle for Mosul. In a press conference in Baghdad on Thursday, McGurk said that the decision of when to launch the military operation to retake Mosul is up to Iraqi authorities.

Regarding the disputed participation of the Shiite militia Hashd al-Shaabi in the battle, McGurk said this was up to the Iraqis to decide. “This is an internal Iraqi issue,” he said.

McGurk also described the recent dispute between Iraqi parliament speaker Salim al-Jabouri and defense minister Khalid al-Obeidi as an internal Iraqi issue that “does not affect our campaign against ISIS.”

McGurk denied any coordination with Iran over Mosul.

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/130820163
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sat Aug 20, 2016 9:06 pm

Peshmerga to ‘respect’ Mosul agreements between Erbil and Baghdad

Kurdish authorities say Peshmerga forces will abide by agreements on Mosul among the Kurdistan region, the Iraqi government and the anti-ISIS international coalition in the country.

In a statement by the office of the Kurdish president, Mosul's looming operation was described as "pivotal for the Kurdistan region, Iraq and the world" which would have humanitarian and political repercussions.

"For the Kurdistan region and the communities of the Nineveh province, the post liberation Mosul has a significant position," the statement said. It called for a "political deal" among all factions in the province to run the area after recapture from militants of the Islamic State.

“The Peshmerga will abide by previous agreements signed between the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region and the counter-ISIS coalition about their involvement in the Mosul liberation operations.”

“The Peshmerga will also abide by any other agreements that are going to be reached between these three parties in the future," the statement added.

As the offensive to drive out militants from Mosul is looming, the question of Peshmerga participation in the operation has been heatedly discussed in the Iraqi media.

The Peshmerga are currently controlling large parts of the so-called disputed territories among others in Nineveh province near Mosul, from which they say they will not withdraw, even after the Mosul operation.

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/200820163
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sat Aug 20, 2016 9:33 pm

The biggest massacure since Saddam slaughtered THOUSANDS of Kurds is about to take place

Over 1 million people are expected to flee Mosul

At least half of them are expected to go towards Erbil

Thousands face death

Over 1 million people are going to lose family members - their homes - their businesses - their pets - everything else that they and their ancestors have worked for

Coalition should remember that Iraqi soldiers ran away and allowed ISIS to enter Mosul - Iraqi army were even kind enough to provide ISIS with a great many weapons

Sunni inhabitants of Mosul had been treated extremely badly by the Shia for a great many years and most of them welcomed ISIS as their saviours

Perhaps someone should actually ask:

What Do The Inhabitants of Mosul Want?
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Aug 25, 2016 2:01 pm

IS conflict: UN warns of 'huge impact' of Mosul assault

The humanitarian impact of a planned offensive by Iraqi pro-government forces to retake the city of Mosul is expected to be "enormous", the UN says.

Up to 1.2 million people living in and around Mosul could be affected by the operation to drive out jihadist militants from Islamic State, it warns.

More than 120,000 people have already been displaced by fighting since March as troops clear territory to the south.

Mosul, Iraq's second largest city, has been under IS rule since June 2014.

'Worse to come'

"The humanitarian impact of a military offensive there is expected to be enormous," UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesman Adrian Edwards told reporters in Geneva.

Contingency plans have been drawn up to provide shelter for up to 120,000 people fleeing Mosul, while the agency looks to set up six new camps across northern Iraq.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-37164630
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sat Sep 10, 2016 1:25 am

Hundreds More US Troops Deploy to Iraq on Eve of Anticipated Mosul Offensive

More than 400 additional US troops have arrived in Iraq in recent days as the battle for Mosul is expected to begin soon, a US defense official said Thursday.

Operation Inherent Resolve spokesman Colonel John Dorrian stated that there are 4,460 US troops in Iraq, compared to 4,000 a week ago, and that Iraqi security forces are preparing to reclaim Mosul. Dorrian did not specify what the US troops would be doing, but mentioned that they were setting up a logistics hub at the recaptured Qayyarah airbase to the south of Mosul, which will serve as a staging area for Iraqi forces.

Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq, was seized by Daesh two years ago. Since that time the violent extremist group has lost much of its territory in Iraq and Syria, but has retained control over Mosul and Raqqa.

Dorrian stated that Iraqi forces would determine the time of the assault. General Joe Votel, the head of the US military's Central Command, last week suggested that Mosul could be reclaimed by the end of the year.

Saad al-Hadithi, spokesman for Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said, "The date will not be announced before the start of the operation for security reasons. There is no determined date for launching the Mosul operation." Further territorial advances on Daesh positions were slowed as supporting forces, including police and allied militants, appeared to require additional training.

According to Lieutenant General Vincent Stewart, director of the US Defense Intelligence Agency, the Mosul operation could be initiated in two or three months and the operation would be long and difficult. Mosul is one of the last areas in Iraq occupied by Daesh. Aware of the weakness of their position, Daesh extremists have reportedly been killing inhabitants and destroying cultural artifacts. The battle is anticipted to be especially challenging as the one million citizens in the city are feared to be in danger of being used as human shields. Iraqi warplanes dropped some one million leaflets over as-Sherqat asking civilians to stay indoors and not get close to Daesh sites, said a Kurdish official, according to Asharq Al-Awsat.

https://sputniknews.com/us/20160910/104 ... attle.html
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 11, 2016 1:12 am

Thousands of soldiers prepare for an assault on Isis controlled Mosul

Hundreds of American soldiers have arrived in Iraq ahead of an assault on Mosul, the largest Isis controlled city.

Alongside the soldiers, 500 military advisers have also travelled to Qayyara airbase 40 miles south of Mosul, to help plan for the offensive.

Up to 30,000 Iraqi soldiers are also being prepared for the attack and French army artillery units will be providing support.

Massoud Barzani, President of Kurdistan, said in an interview with France 24: "There have been multiple meetings between leaders of the Peshmerga and the Iraqi army. They have finally agreed on the military plan and the role of each side."

Mr Barzani said Shia and Sunni Muslim militias run by former Mosul governor Atheel al-Nujaifi have also pledged to take part in the offensive.

“Regarding the Hashid Shaabi or the Hashid Watani, there must be an understanding between these forces and the residents of the Mosul area. Until now that does not exist," he said.

Some Isis fighters are thought to have moved into neighbouring Syria but between 3,000 and 9,000 are expected to defend the city, the Times reported.

Mosul holds symbolic significance in the war as it was where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of Isis, announced the so-called caliphate in 2014.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world ... 35631.html
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 11, 2016 1:17 am

Will Mosul be liberated this year?

Top Iraqi and US leaders have said they expect to see Iraq’s second-city of Mosul liberated from Islamic State (ISIS) militants, who infamously captured it back in June 2014, before the end of 2016. But with only three months left for that deadline, analysts remain unsure if this is a realistic expectation.

Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) last month captured the oil town of Qayyara, about 60 kilometers south of Mosul, where they remain. Meanwhile the Kurdish Peshmerga forces, which will be part of the anticipated offensive, advanced further into Nineveh Province last month, snatching back large chunks of territory from ISIS and leaping closer to Mosul. Both the Iraqis and Kurds are supported by the US-led coalition, which has been providing air support.

“In some areas the Peshmerga are only seven kilometers away from Mosul, in some other areas 10 kilometers,” Peshmerga commander Sheikh Jaffar Mustafa told Rudaw last month. ”The Peshmerga are much closer to Mosul than the Iraqi army is,” he said.

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi remains confident that his forces can push ISIS from Mosul by the end of the year. He repeated this promise as recently as last week at the sixth TEDx Baghdad conference.

Abadi first made the pledge as 2015 came to a close – following the liberation of the city of Ramadi from the militants by the ISF. He also vowed he would still meet this deadline following the recapture of Fallujah from the militants in late June.

In late August, the head of the US Central Command (CENTCOM), General Joseph Votel, said Iraq’s fight against ISIS is indeed gathering momentum.

“It’s the (Iraqi) prime minister’s objective to have that done by the end of the year,” Votel told a news conference. “My assessment is that we can meet … the prime minister’s objectives, if that’s what he chooses to do.”

He also said Iraqi forces “are on track” to recapture Mosul.

US President Barack Obama also said, back in April, that he expects major progress to be made by the Iraqis against ISIS in Mosul by the end of 2016.

“My expectation is that by the end of the year, we will have created the conditions whereby Mosul will eventually fall,” he said.

Analysts remain more skeptical.

“There's the possibility that Mosul will be attacked by the end of the year,” Joel Wing, an Iraq analyst, told Rudaw English. “The fact that Golden Division (Iraqi Army Special Forces) elements have moved up to the front will help. At the same time, it's been very slow progress for the ISF, while the Kurds have only made occasional moves, which could mean the start of 2017 might be a more realistic estimate to make for the battle for Mosul to start.”

Michael Knights, an Iraq expert and Lafer Fellow at the Washington Institute, also anticipates major moves in Mosul by early 2017, but doesn’t see ISIS being ousted completely from the city anytime soon.

“There is a 50-50 chance that the provincial center in western Mosul’s old town is secured by the end of this year, but a 90 percent chance that ISF will be fighting in many parts of Mosul city by the end of 2017,” Knights told Rudaw English.

Peshmerga General Sirwan Barzani, meanwhile, said he is unsure if the 2016 deadline will be reached, due to conflicting statements he hears coming from both the Iraqi government and the media in general.

“It depends on the plans,” he told Rudaw English. “We don’t know the final plans and it depends on the forces involved. It’s changed from the Iraqi side like 45 times. It’s not clear yet because we hear different things from the media every day.

“Sometimes Prime Minister Abadi says it’ll be Shiite militias or someone else liberating Mosul. We need a clear plan,” Barzani said.

Commenting on whether Mosul’s liberation could take place this year, he said: “I think it is possible.”

http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/080920164
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 11, 2016 1:24 am

Shiite militia leader advises Peshmerga to
protect it's own borders and stay out of Mosul

A Shiite militia official issued a strong warning to the Kurdish Peshmerga on Saturday, saying that the Peshmerga should retreat from all areas they have liberated from Islamic State (ISIS) in Nineveh Province and that they “do not need the Peshmerga” to support Iraqi armed forces in the looming battle for Mosul.

“We are going to take part in the battle for Mosul and we do not need Kurds or the Peshmerga to assist our forces,” Karim Nuri, spokesperson for the Shiite Hashd al-Shaabi militias, told Rudaw TV, warning that they “advise the Peshmerga to protect the Kurdistan Region borders and do not distract themselves with entering Mosul. If they do, they will definitely play with fire.”

Nuri said that they in no way will allow “the annexation of Mosul areas including Shingal, Makhmour, and Bashiqa into the Kurdistan Region.”

“We are calling our Kurdish brothers and the Peshmerga to protect their region’s border. We could liberate the city without them and even do not need them. All they have to do is protect their own borders.”

Nuri warned that Kurds should not claim that they are “redrawing their borders with blood,” referencing previous speeches from Kurdish President Masoud Barzani. “We are partners and in one trench together. Please, let the love and respect that existed between us remain as it is. Mosul should not be put under Kurdish administration, at all. The same for Shingal and other areas.”

He reiterated that the Shiite militias will “play a decisive role” in the anticipated Mosul offensive, despite calls from local Nineveh populations, including Sunnis and Christians, that the Shiite militias should not be involved in order to avoid sectarian clashes.

“Of course we will participate in the battle and play a decisive role in it. We are committed to orders being issued from the Iraqi Armed Forces Command” led by Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, Nuri said.

He stressed that “ISIS cannot be defeated without help from the Hashd forces. It has been proven in previous battles that we can end the battle. When ISIS hears the Hashd is coming, they will be defeated. Again our forces will participate in the battle and nobody can deter us. We do not need permission from any party.”

He said that the Shiite militias will participate in the battle on multiple fronts but would not provide details for operational security reasons.

Last month, top Peshmerga commander Shiekh Jaafar Mustafa told Rudaw that any offensive to retake Mosul would be impossible without Kurdish support because “the Peshmerga surrounds and controls many areas and supply routes on the eastern and western sides of Mosul city.”

When that issue was raised to Nuri, he stressed that Kurdish and Shiite forces are in the same trenches together, and have coordinated in many previous battles. We “have the same destiny,” he said.

http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/100920165
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Sep 12, 2016 11:27 pm

ISIS launches offensive near Mosul, 100 members killed

Nineveh Police Command announced that 100 ISIS members were killed after the security forces repulsed their attack in southern Mosul, and also added that five booby-trapped vehicles were destroyed during the attack.

The command said in a statement, “Today, ISIS launched an offensive on the axis of Nineveh police’s 8th regiment near the wilderness area on the road linking between Baghdad and Mosul.”

The statement revealed, “Personnel from army and police killed 100 ISIS men, apart from wounding dozens during the attack.”

“Also, five booby-trapped vehicles were destroyed during the attack. No human or material casualties were inflicted on the security forces,” the statement added.

http://www.iraqinews.com/iraq-war/isis- ... rs-killed/
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Re: Updates on Pending Mosul Massacre

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Sep 12, 2016 11:34 pm

Mosul: Averting A Humanitarian & Governance Nightmare
After We Win

It has been reported that the U.S. is gearing up to assist Iraqi forces in an offensive to reclaim the city of Mosul from Islamic State, an operation expected to begin as early as October.

Mosul was captured by Islamic State in June 2014 when Iraqi security forces, riddled with corruption and sectarianism despite billions of dollars in U.S. aid, dropped their weapons and fled from the insurgents.

An additional 400 American troops have been sent into Iraq to assist Iraqi forces consolidating south of Mosul in the city of Qayyarah. There now are more than 5,000 U.S. military personnel in the country.

According to the new commander of the U.S.-led coalition fighting Islamic State, Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, the battle to retake the jihadist group’s last major Iraqi stronghold will be a difficult and dangerous operation, like “a siege.” Fortifications, tunnels, improvised bombs and even civilians used as human shields likely await advancing forces. Islamic State fighters are digging moats and filling them with oil and tires and burning them to obscure the view of U.S. pilots conducting airstrikes or aerial surveillance.

Winning, however, is only half the battle. Conquest is easy. Control is not.

The Mosul operation has also triggered large-scale humanitarian planning, with the U.N. predicting that up to one million people could flee the city in all directions, potentially exacerbating the already-existing demographic and security concerns of regional players.

Governance may present an even greater challenge, a failure of which will only increase and prolong the humanitarian crisis.

The battle for Mosul is like the race to get to Berlin between the Soviets and the West in 1945. The positioning of forces of the Kurds, Shia and Sunni Arabs in this final push is expected to redraw the boundaries in northern Iraq. For the Shia-dominated and Iranian-aligned Iraqi government, who will attack from the south, this is a chance to reunify the country under the control of Baghdad. But for the Kurds in the north and east of Mosul, the fight against the Islamic State is an opportunity for greater autonomy or even independence. For the Sunni Arab militia, which will join the Kurds in attacking Mosul from the west, the battle is a chance to re-establish a Sunni presence that has nothing to do with the Islamic State, but everything to do with Iraqi politics and Iranian regional hegemony.

In a civil conflict or disaster situation, command and control is as important as food, water, or shelter. When human life is lost and the infrastructure is devastated, humanitarian and governance organizations can quickly become overwhelmed by the number and complexity of the problems without an efficient and effective means to integrate and coordinate relief and stability efforts.

The rapid deployment of ad hoc networks and services in event-driven environments should fulfill the following basic criteria:


Establish critical communication support capabilities to facilitate information sharing and collaboration among relief organizations through a secure wireless infrastructure supplying voice, data and video services.
Provide a single portal application interface for government, military, private sector, UN, and NGO relief organizations, whose features include:
Interoperability and collaboration based on commercial off-the shelf (COTS) components and open standards;
directory integration of names and contact information for inter/intra-agency collaboration and synchronous and asynchronous information exchange;
Situational awareness and incident tracking with geo-spatial mapping capabilities;
Multiple and instantaneous language translation.

The objective is to enable multiagency interoperability and real-time crisis management to help save lives, protect property and manage recovery efforts — after the battle.

A humanitarian and governance nightmare in Mosul and the surrounding area is inevitable. Whether that crisis can be met effectively with the necessary command and control infrastructure and policies remains an open question.

How the US wins the battle against the Islamic State and perhaps, more importantly, manages a fragile peace, may ultimately determine, at least strategically, our success or failure in the fight against radical Islam and the achievement of some degree of Middle East stability.

http://dailycaller.com/2016/09/12/mosul ... er-we-win/
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