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Amnesty urges Iraq’s new PM to prioritize human rights

A place to talk about domestic politics in Middle East (Iran, Iraq , Turkey, Syria) Also includes topics about Assyrian, Armenian, Chaldean .

Amnesty urges Iraq’s new PM to prioritize human rights

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu May 07, 2020 8:12 pm

Mustafa al-Kadhimi sworn in
as prime minister of Iraq


Former intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kadhimi has been approved as Iraq's new prime minister, ending five months of political stalemate

Serving as the head of Iraq's National Intelligence Service (NIS) from 2016, Kadhimi had revised his proposed cabinet several times in recent weeks to appeal to various political factions in Baghdad. He is the third person to serve as prime minister-designate since Abdul-Mahdi's resignation, with previous candidates unable to appease vying groups in parliament.

The following ministers have been approved by the parliament:

    1. Juma Inad - defense minister
    2. Osman Ghanimi - interior minister
    3. Ali Allawi - finance minister
    4. Khalid Najim - planning minister
    5. Hassan Mohammed - health minister
    6. Majid Mahdi - electricity minister
    7. Adnan Dirjal - sports and youth minister
    8. Manhal Aziz - industry minister
    9. Arkan Shahab - communications minister
    10. Adil Hashush - labor minister
    11. Ali Hamid - education minister
    12. Nazanin Mohammed - reconstruction, housing and municipality minister
    13. Nabil Abdulsahib - higher education and technology minister
    14. Mahdi Rashid - minister of water resources
    15. Nasir Hussein - transport minister
The names rejected by lawmakers for ministerial posts include Ali Nawar Nasif as trade minister, Hashim Salih as culture minister, Ali Ismael as agriculture minister and Hikmat Nasir as migration and displacement minister.

Voting for the foreign and oil ministers has been delayed until further notice.

Nazanin Mohammed, voted in as reconstruction, housing and municipality minister, is the only Kurd and woman approved to Kadhimi’s cabinet

Earlier in the evening, state media channel Iraqiya claimed that two other Kurds would hold ministerial posts in Kadhimi's cabinet, including Fuad Hussein as foreign minister, and Khalid Shwani as justice minister.

Mustafa Abdulrahman, a prominent Kurdish politician and former governor of Kirkuk, was instead proposed and rejected as justice minister.

Many Kurdish and Iraqi officials predict that the post of the foreign minister will inevitably go to a Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) candidate, most notably Hussein who served as finance minister under Adil Abdul Mahdi’s outgoing cabinet.

When completed, Kadhimi's proposed cabinet is to include 12 ministers from Shiite parties, six from Sunni parties, three from Kurdish parties, and one from a minority group, according to Dana Katib, a KDP member of parliament in Baghdad.

Appointed as PM-designate by Iraqi President Barham Salih early last month, Kadhimi was given a 30-day deadline - ending on May 9- to compose and present a cabinet to parliament.

Appointments to the PM-designate role have twice been unsuccessful. Both candidates - former communications minister Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi, then three-term Najaf governor and Nasr parliamentary bloc leader Adnan al-Zurfi – met with fierce opposition from some political blocs, and lukewarm reluctance by others. Both were rejected by Iraq’s young protesters as members of the same tired establishment they hope to overthrow.

Kurdistan Region President Nechirvan Barzani took to Twitter on Thursday morning to congratulate Kadhimi.
Last edited by Anthea on Fri May 08, 2020 10:29 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Amnesty urges Iraq’s new PM to prioritize human rights

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Re: Mustafa al-Kadhimi sworn in as prime minister of Iraq

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri May 08, 2020 10:27 pm

Amnesty urges new PM
to prioritize human rights


Amnesty International urged Iraq’s newly-inaugurated Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi to prioritize human rights, take action on domestic violence, and investigate the killing of hundreds of protesters during the country’s recent unrest

Mustafa was sworn into office in the early hours of Thursday morning, replacing caretaker prime minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi, who resigned late last year following nationwide protests.

Young Iraqis began occupying city squares across the country in October 2019 to demand basic services, job opportunities, and action against corruption. They were brutally suppressed by security forces and pro-government militias. More than 600 people were killed and at least 18,000 injured.

“This new government has an opportunity to ensure that the promotion and protection of human rights in Iraq is prioritized after years of appalling violations,” said Razaw Salihy, Amnesty International’s Iraq Researcher, in an open letter to Kadhimi.

“The Iraqi people have paid too high a price for decades of impunity and what have so far been repeatedly hollow promises by the authorities. We welcome the government’s stated commitment to hold those responsible for protesters’ killings accountable, and to prioritize addressing the needs of the internally displaced people.

“It must now translate these promises into immediate and meaningful action, including addressing the Iraqi people’s longstanding socio-economic grievances.”

Amnesty called on the new government to conduct “thorough and independent investigations” into the killing of protesters.

An Amnesty report earlier this year found Iraqi security forces used an arsenal of weaponry against protesters, “nearly all of which are inappropriate as policing tools”, including grenade launchers, air rifles, birdshot, slingshots, and batons, together with live ammunition and military grade teargas.

Iraq has been in a partial lockdown for almost two months to prevent the further spread of COVID-19. It has so far recorded 2,543 cases nationwide, including the Kurdistan Region. Of this number, 1,626 have recovered and 102 died.

Amnesty said the lockdown has led to a rise in domestic violence, which “demands immediate action” by the government.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) recently called on the Iraqi parliament to pass legislation to stop domestic violence which is “increasing under COVID-19 measures.”

“Domestic violence has always plagued Iraq,” said Belkis Wille, senior crisis and conflict researcher at HRW, in a statement.

“We see case upon case of women and girls dying at the hands of their families, but Iraq's lawmakers have not done enough to save those lives.”

Amnesty also urged the government to address allegations of collective punishment of internally displaced persons (IDPs) with alleged ties to the Islamic State group (ISIS).

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/08052020
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