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Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advice

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Mar 06, 2020 3:36 pm

Regularly wash hands thoroughly

Especially on

    entering your home
    touching money
    using bathroom
Keep nails short

Do not touch your face

Keep all work surfaces and other hard surfaces clean

If sharing with others and feel unwell, try to keep yourself apart in a room on your own

No handwash, then try antibacterial washing up liquid
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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 4:48 am

Avoid shaking hands
    Remember, transmission of the virus is mainly via the hands
At airports wash your hands just after going through security
    It was found half the plastic trays used to put your hand luggage through the security X-ray machine contained traces of the flu virus
Keep a hand sanitiser in your bag to use after I’ve been in close contact with others, such as on a train or bus

The World Health Organisation says Covid-19 could be carried on the surface of banknotes

Zinc lozenges have been shown to be modestly effective in reducing the duration of other forms of coronavirus, such as colds and flu

Make sure a good night’s sleep
    During deep sleep, your body makes proteins that boost your immune system and help you fight infection. Lack of sleep will make you more vulnerable to coughs and colds
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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:14 am

As the virus spreads people's behaviour deteriorates:

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And panic buying is taking place in some areas:

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 1:49 pm

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:35 pm

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 5:50 pm

Thoroughly clean our remote controls and mobile phones at least twice a day with a cloth and distilled clear vinegar

Loose change can be cleaned by placing in a container of distilled clear vinegar

Door handles handles and hand rails could harber the virus for several days, no one is really sure at this stage, so better safe than sorry and give them a wipe-down with distilled clear vinegar or antibacterial spray

When you are out and about, try not to touch handles, surfaces and money with your bare hands, wash your hands as soon as you can
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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Mar 08, 2020 6:10 pm

Virus expert knows when
the virus will burn itself out


With the overall death toll climbing each day, but the daily death toll showing signs of subsiding, fear and uncertainty have spread farther and farther around the globe as the novel coronavirus continues to captivate the world’s attention. However, John Nicholls, a pathology professor at the University of Hong Kong, says he knows when the virus will become inactive.

In a private conference call organized last week by CLSA, a brokerage firm based in Hong Kong, investment analysts had a chance to ask Nicholls, one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, questions about the novel coronavirus. In the days since the call took place, details of Nicholls' analysis have surfaced on social media and elsewhere online, including a transcript of the call.

Nicholls responded to emailed questions from AccuWeather on Wednesday and confirmed his participation in the discussion, but emphasized that his remarks were made in “a personal capacity” and meant to remain “private.” He said the call was recorded “without my knowledge or consent” and then leaked on social media. When asked by AccuWeather, Nicholls did not dispute any of quotes attributed to him in the leaked transcript. CLSA has not responded to AccuWeather's request for a comment on the conference call.

The transcript of the call showed Nicholls believes weather conditions will be a key factor in the demise of the novel coronavirus. Referencing the SARS outbreak from 2002 and 2003, Nicholls said he thinks similar weather factors will also shut down the spread of the novel coronavirus.

"Three things the virus does not like: 1. Sunlight, 2. Temperature, and 3. Humidity," Nicholls said in response to a question about when he thinks confirmed cases will peak.

"Sunlight will cut the virus' ability to grow in half so the half-life will be 2.5 minutes and in the dark it's about 13 to 20 [minutes]," Nicholls said. "Sunlight is really good at killing viruses."

For that reason, he also added that he doesn't expect areas such as Australia, Africa and the Southern hemisphere to see high rates of infection because they are in the middle of summer.

Regarding temperatures, Nicholls said the warmer the better for stopping the spread of the virus, according to the transcript of the conference call.

"The virus can remain intact at 4 degrees (39 degrees Fahrenheit) or 10 degrees (50 F) for a longer period of time," Nicholls said, referring to Celsius measurements, according to the transcript. "But at 30 degrees (86 degrees F) then you get inactivation. And high humidity -- the virus doesn't like it either," he added, the transcript of the call showed.

However, Nicholls also said that he doesn't consider SARS or MERS, a Middle Eastern novel virus that spread in 2012, to be an accurate comparison for this year's outbreak. Rather, the novel coronavirus most closely relates to a severe case of the common cold

"Compared to SARS and MERS, we are talking about a coronavirus that has a mortality rate of eight to 10 times less deadly to SARS to MERS," Nicholls said. "So, a correct comparison is not SARS or MERS but a severe cold. Basically, this is a severe form of the cold."

Similar to a common cold, the surrounding environment of the outbreak plays an important role in determining the survivability and spreadability of the virus, he continued. Because of the impending shift in seasons, Nicholls said he expects the spread of the virus to be curbed in a matter of months.

"I think it will burn itself out in about six months," Nicholls said.

According to the transcript, Nicholls elaborated on exactly when he expects the novel coronavirus to subside as investment analysts posed more questions.

"The environment is a crucial factor. The environment will be unfavorable for growth around May," Nicholls said. "The evidence is to look at the common cold -- it's always during winter. So the natural environment will not be favorable in Asia in about May."

Average temperatures typically reach as high as 86 F in Wuhan, the outbreak's epicenter, on June 17. The AccuWeather forecast calls for temperatures ranging from a high in the low 60s F to a low of below 30 F over the next seven days.

When asked about the probability of the novel coronavirus becoming endemic, Nicholls responded, "If it is like SARS it will not be endemic. It most likely will be a hit and run just like SARS."

Outside of China, Nicholls added to AccuWeather that he would expect the impacts of the virus to be varied in places such as Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia. Singapore, Nicholls said, may potentially see the virus linger for longer due to an abundance of large public spaces with indoor air-conditioning, such as malls, where people congregate and temperatures and humidity remain lowered.

AccuWeather Founder and CEO Joel Myers speculated earlier this month that spring may be a pivotal time for the fate of the coronavirus. In response to Nicholls analysis, Myers said, “By mid-April we should know” whether the virus is on the decline because of the changing weather.

Experts that AccuWeather has spoken to previously have stopped short of linking weather to the spread of the virus.

Earlier this month, Andrew Pekosz, Ph.D. professor and vice chair of the W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology at Johns Hopkins University, told AccuWeather cooler weather provides more favorable conditions for the spread of most respiratory viruses.

"Many respiratory viruses transmit better at low temperature and humidity, but we have no data on how this might affect 2019-nCoV transmission," Pekosz said in an email to AccuWeather on Feb. 4.

"Respiratory coronaviruses do appear more frequently in cooler months (late fall, winter).
Since we don’t know how this virus was transmitted within its natural host, it's difficult to predict if it will have the same pattern as human respiratory coronaviruses," Pekosz said at the time.

Nicholls' comments, while made privately, represent the most definitive tie to the weather a health expert has made yet.

At the University of Hong Kong, Nicholls has spent the past 25 years studying coronavirus and he served as a key member of the team that characterized SARS. The Hong Kong University Faculty of Medicine's Clinical Research Centre also created the world's first lab-grown copy of novel coronavirus, according to CNN correspondent Kristie Lu Stout, giving researchers a major breakthrough in understanding the behavior of the virus

However, in an interview with Lu Stout, Nicholls said there is one key difference between prior outbreaks and the current spread of the novel coronavirus. Unlike previous versions of coronavirus, the novel coronavirus has been able to be spread before symptoms present themselves in patients.

But despite that frightening trait, Nicholls' long-term optimism hasn't changed in other public remarks that he's made recently.

"My feeling is that this is going to be just like SARS, that the world is going to get a very bad cold for about five months," Nicholls told CNN last week.

"Of course the weather and climate will be crucial," Myers said of the virus' capacity to spread as the seasons change. "Where spring comes early with above-normal temps and more sunshine, the virus spread will slow faster than where clouds diminish the sunshine and temperatures and humidities are slow to rise."

The World Health Organization (WHO) officially designated the virus COVID-19 on Tuesday, adding that the first vaccine could be available in 18 months, according to Reuters.

Keep checking back on AccuWeather.com and stay tuned to the AccuWeather Network on DirecTV, Frontier and Verizon Fios

https://www.accuweather.com/en/health-w ... ths/679415
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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Mar 09, 2020 4:34 am

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Mar 09, 2020 11:23 pm

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Mar 09, 2020 11:26 pm

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Mar 09, 2020 11:34 pm

Coronavirus: Italy extends quarantine measures nationwide

but

People flying into the UK from the most infected parts of Italy are not checked or tested, or even advised to self isolate for a couple of weeks
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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Mar 11, 2020 1:33 am

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Mar 11, 2020 1:35 am

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Mar 11, 2020 1:54 am

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Re: Coronavirus: we separate myths from facts and give advic

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Mar 11, 2020 2:33 am

Seven people die in Iran

Seven people have died and several left blind after consuming methanol in an attempt to stave off coronavirus

Iranians are taking desperate measures to avoid contracting coronavirus as the number of confirmed cases rise in the country, with close to 200 people dead from the disease.

Ali Biranvand, an official at the prosecutor’s office in the southern city of Ahvaz was quoted by state-run IRNA as saying that seven people have died in recent days after consuming methanol to fight COVID-19.

“48 people have been poisoned and some have lost their vision and are now admitted into hospitals across the city,” Birnavand said.

"Given the scale of poisoning from consuming industrial alcohol, it is possible that some more will die,” he added.

Iran has been hit particularly hard by the virus, which first appeared in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year.

Several countries have closed their borders with Iran, and flights to and from the country have been cancelled in a bid to stop the spread of the virus.

Rumors have spread across Iranian social media that consumption of alcohol is a barrier against contracting coronavirus and many have turned to consuming beverages with a strong alcohol level.

Some have now resorted to consuming methanol, a toxic form of non-drinking alcohol mostly used to create fuel, solvents and antifreeze.

Iran’s deputy health minister announced a whopping rise in the number of coronavirus cases on Sunday, saying that 6566 people have tested positive for the virus- with 194 deaths.

In the northern province of Mazendaran at least 1226 people have contracted the virus.

“As of today 21 people have died in the province,” Dr Said Abbas Mousavi of Mazandaran's University of Medical Sciences told IRNA.

A number of senior Iranian officials have contracted the virus, including parliamentarian Fatemeh Rahbar, who died on Saturday.

Iraj Harichi , the head of an Iranian government task force on coronavirus, tested positive for the illness late last month.

A number of provinces in Iran are in a 'critical' state, with the authorities threatening to use force if locals do not abide by restrictions placed on them.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iran/08032020
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